<p><span id="internal-source-marker_0.263693829790542" style="font-size:15px;font-family:Arial;color:#000000;background-color:transparent;font-weight:normal;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;text-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;">The US Chamber of Commerce has dominated corporate lobbying in Washington for the past several years. The Chamber spent <a href="http://shutthechamber.org/news/nytimes-45-anonymous-corporate-donors-pro...$144.5 million</a> in lobbying in 2009, which largely went toward fighting the Affordable Care Act. That same year, American Health Insurance Providers donated over <a href="http://shutthechamber.org/news/bloomberg-ahip-provided-more-half-us-cham...$86 million</a> to the US Chamber for lobbying purposes. The Chamber's lobbying expenditures in 2009 were five times as high as the next highest spender: Exxon Mobil, at $27.4 million. In 2010, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce spent $132,000,000 on lobbying Congress, which was more than the second, third and fourth largest lobbying groups combined. In 2012, the US Chamber was ranked <a href="http://shutthechamber.org/news/opensecrets-us-chamber-ranks-1-lobbyist-s... in lobbyist spending</a> out of over 4,300 registered lobbyists in Washington, spending over $132 million.</span></p>
Liberty Tree’s major work in 2006 employed local democracy to develop a new program area, Democratizing Defense. Liberty Tree provided legal, media, and other key strategic support to organizers in Wisconsin, Illinois, Massachusetts, and California who wanted to bring the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan home by placing anti-war ballot measures on municipal, town, and county ballots.